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A comparison and contrast of European healthcare systems, their financing, and performance metrics

Powell, William (2020) A comparison and contrast of European healthcare systems, their financing, and performance metrics. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

This essay examines differences in the way healthcare systems of various European countries are run, such as by looking at the ways in which they are financed, in order to determine how these differences may or may not impact the health of the population according to various outcome metrics. After introducing the topic and examining the existing literature to provide background information on the subject and help to inform the understanding of the issues and the countries involved, there will be an analysis of the data coming from various sources. Data sources include the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Eurostat in order to determine how the systems differ across various metrics, and how they are similar. Results of the analyses revealed that the sample average of public systems had a higher life expectancy and higher spending than the sample average of insurance-based systems. However, this result lacked statistical significance, and thus it cannot be concluded that there is a difference in the systems by either the outcome measure life expectancy or the variable of spending per capita. Correlations between 5 spending and ownership variables, 8 capacity variables, and 5 outcome variables are displayed both for examination of the impact of variables on one another, as well as for the consideration of the audience. The information gleaned from this paper is important to public health as it allows us to view European countries and inspect their inputs and outputs in the field of healthcare, affording a better understanding of the existing evidence of what does and does not seem to work when considering health policies in the United States, and around the world.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Powell, Williamwpp7@pitt.eduwpp7
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBroom, Kevinkevinbroom@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRussell, Joannejoanner@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2020
Date Type: Submission
Number of Pages: 46
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Health Policy & Management
Degree: MHA - Master of Health Administration
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 16:17
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 16:17
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/38493

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