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Sugarland: Socialism and the Transformation of the Albanian Countryside

Artan, Hoxha (2020) Sugarland: Socialism and the Transformation of the Albanian Countryside. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation explores how the Communist government that came to power in Albania in 1945 implemented one of the country's most ambitious rural development projects by turning the age-old swampland of Maliq into a site of sugar production. The new regime not only drained the swamp and opened arable land for the cultivation of sugar beets but also built a large sugar factory. Based on interdisciplinary research, which combines environmental, economic, social and cultural history, this dissertation traces the common features that the scheme of Maliq shared with other contemporary models of development, including those implemented by liberal democracies. It also analyzes the implementation and ramifications of a program that aimed at engineering society and nature. Maliq thus serves as a lens for shedding light on the far-reaching and sometimes surprising international entanglements during the Cold War.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Artan, Hoxhaarh99@pitt.eduarh990000-0002-6860-499X
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairThum, Gregorthum@pitt.eduthum
Committee MemberHolstein, Diegoholstein@pitt.eduholstein
Committee MemberMarkoff, Johnjm2@pitt.edujm2
Committee MemberPutnam, Laralep12@pitt.edulep120000-0002-5752-8127
Date: 8 June 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 30 March 2020
Approval Date: 8 June 2020
Submission Date: 7 April 2020
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 283
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Socialism, Albania, Balkans, eastern Europe, countryside, agriculture, reclamation, industrialization, modernization
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2020 16:26
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2023 15:32


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