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What’s with the Attitude? Policymaker Attitudes towards Intelligence and National Security

Halman, Alexander (2020) What’s with the Attitude? Policymaker Attitudes towards Intelligence and National Security. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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What determines why policymakers react to intelligence with elation or anger? There are countless examples of decision-makers blustering at their intelligence professionals, and there are equally as many instances of these same individuals later patting them on the back in triumph. This dissertation seeks to understand why. Specifically, it investigates what determines national security decision-makers’ attitudes towards intelligence. This research applies attitude theory to our understanding of intelligence utilization and represents a departure from previous intelligence research that employs cognitive psychology. The Cognitive-Affective Theory of Intelligence (CATI) contends that policymakers develop predictable attitudes towards intelligence. These attitudes are the result of three variables: 1) the type of intelligence, 2) the specificity of the intelligence, and 3) the level of decision-maker commitment to policy.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Halman, Alexanderamh225@pitt.eduamh225
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGrauer,
Committee MemberWilliams,
Committee MemberMorgan,
Committee MemberRovner,
Date: 25 June 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 3 March 2020
Approval Date: 25 June 2020
Submission Date: 6 April 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 315
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: attitude theory decision-making intelligence national security
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2020 14:03
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 14:03


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