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Returning to Demonstrations: A Multilevel Analysis of Abeyant Protestors across 84 Demonstrations in Eight European Countries

Wang, Hanning (2020) Returning to Demonstrations: A Multilevel Analysis of Abeyant Protestors across 84 Demonstrations in Eight European Countries. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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While acknowledging that protest participants are not a homogeneous group, scholars in social movement studies tend to either overuse dichotomy in their typologies of protestors or overemphasize the extreme(s). Most attention is given to individuals who have never engaged in demonstrations before (i.e., new protestors) and individuals who engage in protest activities consistently (i.e., established protestors). This study focuses on people who lie in the middle – those who are active in protests in the past and return to demonstrations after a temporary leave (i.e., abeyant protestors). Through three-level multilevel analysis of data from 12,356 protestors in 84 demonstrations in eight European countries, this study compares abeyant protestors to new and established protestors. At the individual-level, I examine the roles of sociodemographic characteristics, political participation, social networks, grievances, perceived efficacy and ideology in individuals’ abeyant participation. At the demonstration-level, I find that demonstrations in different types of social movements, in different forms (moving or static), with different claims and protest sizes attract different kinds of protestors. At the country-level, cross- national differences can explain part of individuals’ abeyant participation in protest activities after controlling individual-level and demonstration-level predictors.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wang, Hanninghaw105@pitt.eduhaw1050000-0001-6828-225X
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee CoChairHughes, Melaniehughesm@pitt.eduhughesm0000-0002-8724-5355
Committee CoChairBanerjee, Taruntarunbanerjee@pitt.edutdb0000-0002-2012-3687
Committee MemberStaggenborg,
Date: 8 June 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 14 February 2020
Approval Date: 8 June 2020
Submission Date: 10 April 2020
Access Restriction: 1 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 1 year.
Number of Pages: 56
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Sociology
Degree: MA - Master of Arts
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social Movement Participation, Abeyant Protestors, New Protestors, Established Protestors, Multilevel Analysis
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2020 14:56
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 05:15


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