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The relationship between children's spontaneous focusing on number and math skills

Imbeah, Adwoa (2020) The relationship between children's spontaneous focusing on number and math skills. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON) measures children’s tendency to focus on numerical information without being prompted and has been linked to later math abilities. Past work has utilized various methods of quantifying children’s SFON yet has not directly compared non-verbal and verbal behaviors. In this study, we investigated the individual differences in the speech and actions of children performing SFON tasks and examined how each measure of children’s SFON tendencies were related to their math skills. 115 four-year-old children completed four imitation and modeling SFON tasks over two separate visits to the lab. Children also completed a math assessment two months later as a measure of their math abilities. Within each of the four tasks, no correlations were observed between children’s speech and actions. However, children who focused on number in one modality during one task tended to focus on number in that same modality for other tasks. Further, children’s focusing on number was predictive of their future math abilities, but specifically through action and not speech.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Imbeah, Adwoaaai7@pitt.eduaai7
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLibertus, Melissalibertus@pitt.edu
Committee MemberElliott, Leannelek79@pitt.edu
Committee MemberIverson, Janajiverson@pitt.edu
Committee MemberMazzocco, Michèlemazzocco@umn.edu
Date: 4 May 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 1 April 2020
Approval Date: 4 May 2020
Submission Date: 17 April 2020
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 28
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: spontaneous focusing on number, SFON, math skills
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 14:53
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 14:53
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/38735

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