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Europe for Europeans: nationalism in the 21st century

Niroomand, Azad (2020) Europe for Europeans: nationalism in the 21st century. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The Syrian Refugee Crisis has become one of the greatest humanitarian issues of the 21st century. Millions of asylum seekers fleeing violence in the Middle East have arrived at the door step of the European Union seeking protection and a better life. A mass migration of this scale was not something that the national governments of the EU or the individual members states had been prepared for. Continental Europe has received over 1 million asylum applications and it is estimated that 3.3 million refugees are currently residing in Turkey, seeking asylum there or waiting their turn for admittance into the European Union. But a growing opposition to the influx of refugees has begun to endanger these resettlement programs and indeed has begun to undermine the ability of some states to create any effective policy. This paper will look at a variety of factors that have contributed to the modern emergence of nationalism in Europe.
This study of nationalism is based on the role that nationalist leaders and their parties have played in defining policy with regards to Syrian migrants, how historical trends and the development of national identities now contribute to modern nationalist sentiment, and how the respective economic situations of the two case studies observed has shaped rhetoric surrounding migration. To accomplish this a dual method approach both qualitative and quantitative measures will be used. For the quantitative data, key metrics of economic strength will be used to compare the two case studies and develop an understanding of the impact the economy has on provoking nativist fears and contributing to anti-immigration rhetoric. The qualitative aspect utilizes historical accounts, government documents, and biographical data to develop a picture of what each movement defines as “the nation” and the role that each leader has played in creating this ideology within their respective movement. Ultimately, this thesis utilizes long standing theories on the origins of nationalistic movements and applies it to modern case studies in order to develop an understanding of the contemporary nationalist movements that can be observed in Europe today.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Niroomand, Azadazniroo@gmail.comajn65
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKanthak,
Committee MemberSpoon,
Committee MemberLotz,
Committee MemberJolly,
Date: 4 May 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 7 April 2020
Approval Date: 4 May 2020
Submission Date: 17 April 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 106
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Political Science
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: N/A
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 15:34
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 15:34


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