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Internationalization of Faculty in Research and Faculty Research Productivity: Evidence from Brazil and China

Gokbel, Veysel (2020) Internationalization of Faculty in Research and Faculty Research Productivity: Evidence from Brazil and China. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The benefits of the internationalization of higher education have contributed much to both its individual and institutional outcomes. They also contribute to faculty productivity and professional development. Growing budget cuts and operational costs, however, have led universities to begin to reduce academic staff’s international activities.

International engagement is an important attribute of individual faculty members because it contributes to some of the most productive academic staff in the world (Finkelstein & Sethi, 2014). Thus, better measures of the impact of faculty international engagement on research productivity, have the potential to support institutional decision making related to higher education institutions’ (HEIs) internationalization strategies.

The purpose of this dissertation study was to empirically examine if faculty research-related international activities were related to faculty research productivity at higher education institutions (HEIs). An additional question was, were these relationships significantly impacted by gender, academic rank, academic discipline, and institution type?

This study derived relevant data from the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) survey, an international large-scale dataset collected from 24,874 academic staff in 19 countries during 2007-2008. China’s and Brazil’s datasets were extracted as case studies. Significant individual and institutional variables were included in the statistical model. A multiple regression analysis using STATA/SE 14.2 software tool was performed to address the research questions. The research model and conceptual approach were designed with the support of Knight’s (1994, 2004, 2012) internationalization frameworks, as they are widely used in the literature.

The main results indicate that there is a positive and statistically significant relationship between international dissemination and faculty research productivity in both the Brazil and China samplings. The relationship between international collaboration and faculty research productivity, however, was not found to be significant in China; although it was in Brazil. The regression results included interaction effects. These also indicated significant differences between the observed relationships based on the following factors: gender, academic rank, academic discipline, and institution type, both in Brazil and in China.

This study provides a strong framework and empirical evidence for outcomes related to the internationalization of higher education. The implications of this study can help stakeholders make better HEI performance-related decisions.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gokbel, Veyselveg9@pitt.eduveg9
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairWeidman,
Committee CoChairMcClure,
Committee MemberJacob,
Committee MemberYe,
Committee MemberPicard,
Date: 17 May 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 18 April 2017
Approval Date: 17 May 2020
Submission Date: 21 April 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 143
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Administrative and Policy Studies
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Higher education, internationalization, research productivity, faculty, secondary data analysis, regression analysis
Date Deposited: 17 May 2020 17:24
Last Modified: 17 May 2020 17:24


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