Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Lifestyle Intervention Improves Heart Rate Recovery from Exercise in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Results from the Look AHEAD Study

Ribisl, Paul M. and Gaussoin, Sarah A. and Lang, Wei and Bahnson, Judy and Connelly, Stephanie A. and Horton, Edward S. and Jakicic, John M. and Killean, Tina and Kitzman, Dalane W. and Knowler, William C. and Stewart, Kerry J. (2012) Lifestyle Intervention Improves Heart Rate Recovery from Exercise in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Results from the Look AHEAD Study. Journal of Obesity, 2012. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2090-0708

Download (1MB) | Preview


The primary aims of this paper were (1) to evaluate the influence of intensive lifestyle weight loss and exercise intervention (ILI) compared with diabetes support and education (DSE) upon Heart Rate Recovery (HRR) from graded exercise testing (GXT) and (2) to determine the independent and combined effects of weight loss and fitness changes upon HRR. In 4503 participants (45–76 years) who completed 1 year of intervention, HRR was measured after a submaximal GXT to compare the influence of (ILI) with (DSE) upon HRR. Participants assigned to ILI lost an average 8.6% of their initial weight versus 0.7% in DSE group (P<0.001) while mean fitness increased in ILI by 20.9% versus 5.8% in DSE (P<0.001). At Year 1, all exercise and HRR variables in ILI improved (P<0.0001) versus DSE: heart rate (HR) at rest was lower (72.8±11.4 versus 77.7±11.7 b/min), HR range was greater (57.7±12.1 versus 53.1±12.4 b/min), HR at 2 minutes was lower (89.3±21.8 versus 93.0±12.1 b/min), and HRR was greater (41.25±22.0 versus 37.8±12.5 b/min). Weight loss and fitness gain produced significant separate and independent improvements in HRR.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ribisl, Paul
Gaussoin, Sarah A.
Lang, Wei
Bahnson, Judy
Connelly, Stephanie A.
Horton, Edward S.
Jakicic, John
Killean, Tina
Kitzman, Dalane W.
Knowler, William C.
Stewart, Kerry J.
Date: 22 November 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Obesity
Volume: 2012
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Page Range: pp. 1-12
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1155/2012/309196
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Health and Physical Activity
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 2090-0708
Official URL:
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 16:44
Last Modified: 13 May 2020 16:44


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item