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Poverty and self-regulation: Connecting psychosocial processes, neurobiology, and the risk for psychopathology

Palacios-Barrios, Esther E. and Hanson, Jamie L. (2019) Poverty and self-regulation: Connecting psychosocial processes, neurobiology, and the risk for psychopathology. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 90. pp. 52-64. ISSN 0010440X

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In the United States, over 40% of youth under the age of 18 live at or near the federal poverty line. Several decades of research have established clear links between exposure to child poverty and the development of psychopathology, yet the mechanisms that convey this risk remain unclear. We review research in developmental science and other allied disciplines that identify self-regulation as a critical factor that may influence the development of psychopathology after exposure to poverty. We then connect this work with neurobiological research in an effort to further inform these associations. We propose a starting framework focused on the neural correlates of self-regulation, and discuss recent work relating poverty to alterations in brain regions related to self-regulation. We close this review by highlighting important considerations for future research on poverty/socioeconomic status, neurobiology, self-regulation, and the risks related to the development of negative mental health outcomes.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Palacios-Barrios, Esther E.
Hanson, Jamie
Date: 2019
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Volume: 90
Publisher: Elsevier
Page Range: pp. 52-64
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.12.012
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poverty, Self-regulation, Psychopathology, Neurobiology, Development
ISSN: 0010440X
Official URL:
Funders: University of Pittsburgh, Dietrich School of Arts & Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Learning Research & Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, Brain Institute
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 17:12
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:12


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