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Consistency and regularity of Chinese characters: Global congruence plays a more important role than local congruence in character naming

ZHOU, LIN (2020) Consistency and regularity of Chinese characters: Global congruence plays a more important role than local congruence in character naming. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The concepts of consistency and regularity characterize the orthography-to-phonology mappings of written languages. The use of these two concepts arises, respectively, from the connectionist and classical cognitive modeling work in reading alphabetic languages. Consistency has been argued to better characterize the difficulty associated with English word naming than regularity (Jared, 2002). Despite writing system difference, the concepts of consistency and regularity have been imported to Chinese reading in prior research. However, the issue of the relative contributions of each in Chinese character naming is still unclear. The current ERP study examines this issue by manipulating orthogonally the consistency and regularity of Chinese characters in a covert naming task. The results show that consistency, but not regularity, affects the N170, P200 and N400 responses during word recognition as well as the accuracies of transcribing character pronunciations during posttest questionnaires. In addition, consistency interacts with regularity in modulating the FN400 and LPC responses. These results demonstrate that consistency plays a more important role than regularity in character naming, in agreement with the conclusion in English word naming. We suggest that the two concepts can be reframed as mapping congruence that applies to two levels: Consistency reflects GLOBAL level (usually multiple units) congruence among orthographic neighbors across the whole lexicon; regularity reflects the LOCAL level (specifically two units) congruence between a lexical unit and a single sublexical unit. Also, we illustrate their roles in an interactive framework of character recognition and discuss their impacts in this framework.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ZHOU, LINliz112@pitt.edu
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairPerfetti, Charlesperfetti@pitt.edu
Committee MemberFiez, Juliefiez@pitt.edu
Committee MemberCoutanche, Marcmarc.coutanche@pitt.edu
Date: 8 June 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 5 September 2019
Approval Date: 8 June 2020
Submission Date: 5 May 2020
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 59
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chinese characters
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2020 15:30
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2020 15:30
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/38914

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