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Public Health Recommendations for the Control of Arboviral Diseases in the Caribbean

Nelson, Monica (2020) Public Health Recommendations for the Control of Arboviral Diseases in the Caribbean. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

Mosquito-borne viral (arboviral) infections, such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, are of significant public health importance in the Caribbean. These viruses cause significant morbidity in affected communities. Further, arboviral outbreaks can affect economies due to their prevalence in the tourist-based economic Caribbean. Currently, these viruses do not have therapeutic treatments or licensed vaccines to prevent infection. As such, the best prevention measures involve an aspect of integrated vector management, community participation in source reduction of mosquito breeding sites and individuals following measures for protection from biting mosquitoes.
Mosquito Awareness Week, a yearly program supported by the Pan American Health Organization, aims to build community capacity by supporting participating countries in providing their communities with education in mosquito control and arboviral diseases prevention methods. Building off of the reported activities by participating countries, this paper gives public health recommendations for future Mosquito Awareness Week programs as well as general recommendations for mosquito control and arboviral diseases prevention in the Caribbean. Included in the recommendations are to improve surveillance systems, ensure the incorporation of the community in source reduction activities so as to build capacity, developing methods for assessing retention of educational materials, strengthening the healthcare system, and ensuring transparent communication.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Nelson, Monicamonicaknelson@gmail.comMON16
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKingsley, Lawrencekingsley@pitt.edukingsleyUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRussell, Joannejoanner@pitt.edujoannerUNSPECIFIED
Date: 19 June 2020
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 97
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2020 22:30
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 22:30
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/39323

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