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Perceived Benefits and Barriers of Participation in Workplace Physical Activity Programs and Work Ability of Older Employees


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Tringali, Victor (2020) Perceived Benefits and Barriers of Participation in Workplace Physical Activity Programs and Work Ability of Older Employees. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Physical activity and work ability are increasingly important due to aging of the modern workforce. Evidence suggests that workplace physical activity programs can attenuate the decline in work ability that typically transpires with age. Yet, older employees are less likely to participate in workplace physical activity programs. This needs assessment was conducted at the University of Virginia to provide information to improve workplace physical activity programs for employees ages 55 years and older. The study’s primary aim was to understand the perceived benefits and barriers to participation in workplace physical activity programs among older employees. Secondarily, the study aimed to understand the work ability of older employees and determine if a relationship exists between work ability and participation in workplace physical activity programs. The findings from the investigation suggest that employees’ perceived benefits and barriers are related to employees’ individual beliefs and perceptions of social and organizational norms. Employees’ perceptions were different based on gender, physical activity participation, program participation, occupational category, and work ability. Overall, work ability scores were good to excellent among most older employees. Work ability was not associated with program participation, gender, or occupational category. However, work ability was associated with physical activity, as physically active employees had better work ability compared to inactive employees. Several actions for improving participation in workplace physical activity among older employees at the University of Virginia are discussed.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tringali, Victorvictortringali@gmail.comvmt10
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFertman,
Committee MemberBarone Gibbs,
Committee MemberThomas,
Date: 2 September 2020
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 2 June 2020
Approval Date: 2 September 2020
Submission Date: 12 July 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 62
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Health and Physical Activity
Degree: EdD - Doctor of Education
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Workplace Physical Activity, Work Ability, Older Employees
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 15:48
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 15:48


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