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Nonalcoholic Cirrhosis Associated With Neuropsycholo'gical Dysfunction in the Absence of Overt Evidence of Hepatic Encephalopathy

Tarter, RE and Hegedus, AM and van Thiel, DH and Schade, RR and Gavaler, JS and Starzl, TE (1984) Nonalcoholic Cirrhosis Associated With Neuropsycholo'gical Dysfunction in the Absence of Overt Evidence of Hepatic Encephalopathy. Gastroenterology, 86 (6). 1421 - 1427. ISSN 0016-5085

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Abstract

Although much is known about the neuropsychological functioning of cirrhotic individuals with Laennec's (alcohol associated) cirrhosis, little is known about the neuropsychological functioning of^individuals with nonalcoholic cirrhosis. In the present investigation, we have determined that individuals suffering from chronic nonalcoholic cirrhosis, despite the absence of clinical signs of hepatic encephalopathy, are impaired on neuropsychological tests that measure visuopractic capacity, visual scanning, and perceptual-motor speed. In contrast, intellectual, language, memory, attentional, motor, and learning abilities are intact. In comparison with a chronically ill control group of patients suffering from Crohn's disease, individuals with advanced nonalcoholic cirrhosis exhibit less emotional disturbance, but are more impaired in their daily activities. These findings indicate that individuals with nonalcoholic cirrhosis, even in the absence of overt clinical signs of encephalopathy, manifest neuropsychological impairments and experience significant disruption in the routines of everyday living. © 1984, American Gastroenterological Association. All rights reserved.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tarter, REtarter@pitt.eduTARTER
Hegedus, AM
van Thiel, DH
Schade, RR
Gavaler, JS
Starzl, TEtes11@pitt.eduTES11
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 January 1984
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Gastroenterology
Volume: 86
Number: 6
Page Range: 1421 - 1427
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/s0016-5085(84)80154-7
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0016-5085
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062115435, Starzl CV No. 578
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:09
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 13:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/3964

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