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Fernandez Montes de Oca, Jose Andres (2021) JAMAICA IN THE AGE OF DEVELOPMENT: PETITIONS, SMALL FARMING, AND AGRICULTURAL PLANNING, 1895-1972. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation analyses the development models pursued in Jamaica from 1895 to 1972. It is concerned with three lines of inquiry throughout different historical junctures from the late nineteenth century to the late 1960s. To what extent did colonial and post-colonial ideas around the peasantry’s role within the island’s economic development change over the course of the twentieth century? In what ways did the colonial and national development policies, drafted throughout the different historical junctures, reflect those changing ideas? Whose voices were heard and whose needs were met in the articulation of the policies on the ground?
By reconstructing the evolving models of development in the island, this dissertation illustrates the significant role of small and middle-sized growers, tenants, and agricultural laborers in the political process. Based on records from the Jamaican National Archives in Spanish Town, the U.S. National Archives, official government reports, and contemporary newspapers and journals, I map how the visibility and salience of each of these groups changed over time. I contend that these rural inhabitants shaped island-wide development visions and rhetoric in Jamaican society. Building on recent literature on international development, I also demonstrate how the participation of various political, social, and economic actors in small-scale, bottom-up spaces helped define the outcomes and subsequent transformations of colonial and post-colonial development agendas. I conclude that ‘development’ was not a top-down process formulated abroad and applied in Jamaica, rather that actors on the ground in the island molded colonial and national development over time.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Fernandez Montes de Oca, Jose Andresjaf152@pitt.edujaf152
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee MemberAndrews, George Reidreid1@pitt.eduREID1
Committee MemberGobat, MichelMGOBAT@pitt.eduMGOBAT
Committee MemberMorgenstern, Scottscott_morgenstern@pitt.eduSMORGENS
Committee ChairPutnam, Laralep12@pitt.eduLEP12
Date: 20 January 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 25 November 2020
Approval Date: 20 January 2021
Submission Date: 3 December 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 271
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture, community, welfare, development, West Indies, Caribbean, colonial, post-colonial
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 18:35
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 18:35


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