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Different Values but Similar Backgrounds: How Relativism Influences Naïve Realism in Everyday Disagreements

Iniguez Conrique, Beverly (2021) Different Values but Similar Backgrounds: How Relativism Influences Naïve Realism in Everyday Disagreements. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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A functioning society requires that people work together and cooperate with each other, even when people hold opposing viewpoints. Yet, Americans today find themselves in intractable disagreements and conflicts. This study investigates whether moral, epistemic, and situational relativism predicts reactions to everyday disagreements. First, we investigated whether moral, epistemic, and situational relativism can be measured and distinguished from one another as three dimensions that are empirically separate and reliable. Second, we delved into how each of these three facets relate to naïve realism and judgments of people with opposing views. Findings suggested that our proposed instrument of moral, epistemic, and situational relativism is distinct, valid, and reliable. Further, these three types of relativism significantly predicted reactions to disagreement. While moral and epistemic relativism were associated with less hostility toward those with opposing views, situational relativism was surprisingly associated with more hostility toward those who held opposing views. There is a growing importance of understanding disagreement across a broad range of topics and potential ways to mitigate hostility due to differences in viewpoints. The present study offers important insights for creating future socially constructive behavioral interventions to target conflicts exacerbated by disagreement.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Iniguez Conrique, Beverlybconrique@pitt.edubgi2@pitt.edu0000-0002-3320-1832
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBinning, Kevin R.
Committee MemberRottman, Benjamin M.
Committee MemberSchumann, Karina
Date: 20 January 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 24 November 2020
Approval Date: 20 January 2021
Submission Date: 2 December 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 86
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disagreement, Judgment, Relativism, Naïve Realism, Politics
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 19:31
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 19:31


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