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Exploring Intimate Partner Violence and Its Associations with Minority Stress and Depression among YMSM Dyads

Adams, Brian (2021) Exploring Intimate Partner Violence and Its Associations with Minority Stress and Depression among YMSM Dyads. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) disproportionately affects young men who have sex with men (YMSM) compared to young heterosexual males, and at rates similar to young heterosexual females. Still, there are concerns with underreporting of IPV among YMSM, and more information is needed about how IPV relates to minority stress and mental health outcomes like depression. This dissertation utilized a subset of data from YMSM dyads in RADAR, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study of YMSM and transgender women in Chicago. The first analysis examined IPV prevalence via self-report and dyad-report, finding that 19.3% of the sample reported perpetrating IPV and 24.1% reported IPV victimization. When utilizing dyad reports, 12.2% of the sample was inferred to be IPV perpetrators based on their partners’ reports of victimization, and 7.4% of the sample was inferred to be IPV victims based on their partners’ reports of perpetration. The second analysis examined the association between minority stress and IPV, finding that LGBT victimization was associated with both IPV victimization and IPV perpetration in both univariate and multivariate models. The third analysis investigated whether IPV serves as a moderator for the relationship between minority stress and depression symptoms among YMSM. Multivariate models did not show any significant interaction effects between LGBT victimization and IPV perpetration or IPV victimization. The results of these analyses suggest that dyad-level data is essential for understanding IPV among sexual minority populations, and that further research is needed around relationship dynamics that may impact the mental health of YMSM.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Adams, Brianbra25@pitt.edubra250000-0003-0419-4378
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairEgan, Jamesjee48@pitt.edujee48
Committee MemberFriedman, Mackeymrf9@pitt.edumrf9
Committee MemberHawk, Marymary.hawk@pitt.edu
Committee MemberMair, Christinacmair@pitt.edu
Committee MemberNewcomb, Michaelnewcomb@northwestern.edu
Date: 19 January 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 3 December 2020
Approval Date: 19 January 2021
Submission Date: 9 December 2020
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 94
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence; LGBT Health; Male Dyads
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 19:51
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2021 19:51
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/40048

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