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Walker, Jessica (2021) SOCIAL IDENTITY AND LIFE COURSE STRESS IN NABATAEAN JORDAN. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The population of Nabataean and Early/Middle Roman Jordan consisted of agricultural and pastoral nomadic communities. Archaeological research in Jordan supports a symbiotic relationship between these different subsistence communities. A bioarchaeological examination of the agricultural population at Khirbet Qazone (1st – 3rd century C.E.) and the pastoral community at Zabayir (2nd – 3rd century C.E.) revealed evidence for the effects of stress, diet, and activity over the life course for different subsistence communities in Nabataea and the post-annexation Province of Arabia.
Non-specific stress indicators (linear enamel hypoplasia, cribra orbitalia, and porotic hyperostosis) were evaluated by individual age-at-death and growth using vertebral neural canal (VNC) diameters and long bone lengths, which revealed plasticity and adaptability for both communities. However, cribra orbitalia was significantly related to age-at-death and some VNC measurements for the agricultural group.
Like other sites in the region, comparison of δ13C and δ15N from dentine collagen and δ13C from bone apatite revealed that those buried at both sites relied heavily on C3 plant resources and C3 grazing animals, although C4 dietary contributions were greater at Zabayir. Incremental analysis of δ13C and δ18O from dental enamel demonstrated that while weaning patterns were more variable at Khirbet Qazone, both communities completed weaning by 3 to 3.5 years of age. Evidence for activity as indicated by musculoskeletal markers was also similar between the two communities. The data further illuminate the complex nature of subsistence economies and regional community identity and support existing archaeological research suggesting mutualism and cooperation between agricultural and nomadic pastoral communities in the Near East based on these two populations.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Walker, JessicaJLW6886@gmail.comjlw153
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairJudd,
Committee MemberBermann,
Committee MemberMooney,
Committee MemberWanderer,
Committee MemberPerry,
Date: 20 January 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 23 April 2020
Approval Date: 20 January 2021
Submission Date: 4 December 2020
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 381
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioarchaeology, Nabataean, Roman, Near East, Archaeology, Weaning, Stress, Isotope analysis, diet, subsistence communities, Khirbet Qazone, Zabayir, Jordan, identity, musculoskeletal markers, activity
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 19:16
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2023 06:15

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