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Combining ATRP and FRP Gels: Soft Gluing of Polymeric Materials for the Fabrication of Stackable Gels

Beziau, Antoine and de Menezes, Rafael and Biswas, Santidan and Singh, Awaneesh and Cuthbert, Julia and Balazs, Anna and Kowalewski, Tomasz and Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof (2017) Combining ATRP and FRP Gels: Soft Gluing of Polymeric Materials for the Fabrication of Stackable Gels. Polymers, 9 (6). ISSN 2073-4360

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Stackable gels comprised of layers of dissimilar polymers were synthesized by combining conventional free radical polymerization (FRP) and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using two approaches: (i) polymerization of a pre-gel solution containing a monomer and cross-linker introduced on top of a previously prepared gel, and (ii) simultaneous polymerization of two immiscible pre-gel solutions remaining in contact. All permutations of FRP and ATRP yielded single-piece, connected, amphiphilic gels regardless of the order of polymerization. Furthermore, multi-layer ATRP gels combining different polymers were synthesized with the FRP layer as a gluing agent. A 10-layer amphiphilic stackable gel combining n-butyl methacrylate (BMA) and 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and a 10-layer stackable gel combining BMA, DMAEMA and di(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEO2MA) were synthesized. This patching method, combining conventional FRP gels with ATRP ones, offers an efficient path to the formation of complex stackable gel architectures.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Beziau, Antoine
de Menezes, Rafael
Biswas, Santidansab231@pitt.edusab231
Singh, Awaneesh
Cuthbert, Julia
Balazs, Annabalazs@pitt.edubalazs
Kowalewski, Tomasz
Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof
Date: 24 May 2017
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Polymers
Volume: 9
Number: 6
Publisher: MDPI AG
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3390/polym9060186
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: stacked gel; multi-layer gels; ATRP gel; FRP gel
ISSN: 2073-4360
Official URL:
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 17:20
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2021 17:20


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