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Pulsed Current Electrodeposition of Silicon Thin Films Anodes for Lithium Ion Battery Applications

Gattu, Bharat and Epur, Rigved and Shanti, Pavithra and Jampani, Prashanth and Kuruba, Ramalinga and Datta, Moni and Manivannan, Ayyakkannu and Kumta, Prashant (2017) Pulsed Current Electrodeposition of Silicon Thin Films Anodes for Lithium Ion Battery Applications. Inorganics, 5 (2). ISSN 2304-6740

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Electrodeposition of amorphous silicon thin films on Cu substrate from organic ionic electrolyte using pulsed electrodeposition conditions has been studied. Scanning electron microscopy analysis shows a drastic change in the morphology of these electrodeposited silicon thin films at different frequencies of 0, 500, 1000, and 5000 Hz studied due to the change in nucleation and the growth mechanisms. These electrodeposited films, when tested in a lithium ion battery configuration, showed improvement in stability and performance with an increase in pulse current frequency during deposition. XPS analysis showed variation in the content of Si and oxygen with the change in frequency of deposition and with the change in depth of these thin films. The presence of oxygen largely due to electrolyte decomposition during Si electrodeposition and the structural instability of these films during the first discharge–charge cycle are the primary reasons contributing to the first cycle irreversible (FIR) loss observed in the pulse electrodeposited Si–O–C thin films. Nevertheless, the silicon thin films electrodeposited at a pulse current frequency of 5000 Hz show a stable capacity of ~805 mAh·g−1 with a fade in capacity of ~0.056% capacity loss per cycle (a total loss of capacity ~246 mAh·g−1) at the end of 500 cycles.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Gattu, Bharatbhg6@pitt.edubhg6
Epur, Rigved
Shanti, Pavithra
Jampani, Prashanth
Datta, Monimkd16@pitt.edumkd16
Manivannan, Ayyakkannu
Kumta, Prashantpkumta@pitt.edupkumta
Date: 20 April 2017
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Inorganics
Volume: 5
Number: 2
Publisher: MDPI AG
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3390/inorganics5020027
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical and Petroleum Engineering
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: silicon; nanocomposites; Li-ion battery; pulse electrodeposition; morphology
ISSN: 2304-6740
Official URL:
Funders: Robert Romanosky, DOE-BATT program, National Science Foundation, Ford Foundation, Edward R. Weidlein Chair Professorship fund, Center for Complex Engineered Multifunctional Materials, Electrodeposition Division of the Electrochemical Society for presentation
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 20:33
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 20:33


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