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The Burden of Mood and Anxiety Disorders during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Literature Review of Risk Factors

Wiltrout, Christopher Thomas (2021) The Burden of Mood and Anxiety Disorders during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Literature Review of Risk Factors. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Since the first case of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was diagnosed in December 2019, it has rapidly spread across nations and stimulated global public health action. In order to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, policies have been implemented in order to enforce physical distancing (or social distancing). Although clinically necessitated to prevent transmission of COVID-19, these policies have psychological secondary effects including loneliness and social isolation. The aim of this narrative literature review is to understand the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as associated risk factors. A literature search was conducted on studies published between March 1, 2020 and March 15, 2021. A total of 20 articles were selected for inclusion. All studies included in this review found an increase in mood and anxiety disorder prevalence in communities across the world, particularly impacting those who are Hispanic, women, young, low-income, as well as those who exhibit low distress tolerance and low resilience. This increased prevalence of mental health conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic may have public health repercussions in subsequent years, including increased morbidity and mortality. A shift from individual-level to population health approaches for mental health treatment is critical in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wiltrout, Christopher Thomasctw12@pitt.eductw12
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBear, Toddtobst2@pitt.edutobst2UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMusser, Johnjjm183@pitt.edujjm183UNSPECIFIED
Date: 11 May 2021
Date Type: Completion
Submission Date: 30 April 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 54
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19, Mental Health, Depression, Public Health, Mood, Anxiety Disorders
Date Deposited: 11 May 2021 20:23
Last Modified: 11 May 2021 20:23


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