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Quantum Measurement and Bath Engineering for Superconducting Qubits via Multiple Parametric Couplings

Cao, Xi (2021) Quantum Measurement and Bath Engineering for Superconducting Qubits via Multiple Parametric Couplings. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Quantum computers have huge potential applications, but do not currently exist. It has already been proven that a quantum computer would outperform the best classical supercomputers in certain problems, some of which have vital connections with our daily lives. For example, quantum computers efficiently solve the prime number factoring problem, which in turn is the foundation of the RSA algorithm behind most online transactions. There is a great deal of current effort to implement quantum computers, and we have seen good progress in platforms including superconducting circuits, ion traps, and photons in cavity QED systems and spins in semiconductors. These machines include up to roughly 50 quantum bits at present, but they are not very useful as quantum errors quickly decohere the computer's state and prevent computation. These errors can be mitigated via quantum error correction at the cost of additional size and complexity.

Progress in the field towards error corrected, large-scale quantum machines requires us to require new tools for controlling, coupling, and reading out qubits. In this thesis, I will focus on such explorations in superconducting circuits. In this thesis, we seek to expand the already flexible toolkit of quantum circuits by exploring the uses of parametric couplings based on third-order nonlinearities. This type of nonlinearities has only been used in quantum-limited amplifiers before, here we try to further explore their applications by creating new methods for controlling and measuring qubits that based on it.

In the first experiment, we address the problem of implementing a highly efficient quantum non-demolition qubit readout. With the use of two-mode squeezed (TMS) light and combined with phase-preserving parametric amplifiers into an interferometer for dispersive qubit readout, we demonstrate a measurement scheme with a 44$\%$ improvement in power signal-to-noise ratio. We also investigate the back-action of the measurement scheme.

In the second experiment, we create an effective chemical potential for photons with parametric system-bath coupling. In particular, we use a lossy Superconducting Nonlinear Asymmetric Inductive eLement (SNAIL) as both the bath and coupler. The bath engineering is realized by combining the multiple parametric drives and the dissipation together.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cao, Xixic71@pitt.eduxic71
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHatridge,
Committee MemberPekker,
Committee MemberFrolov,
Committee MemberFreitas,
Committee MemberLambrecht,
Date: 3 May 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 January 2021
Approval Date: 3 May 2021
Submission Date: 2 February 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 160
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quantum computation and information, Superconducting qubit, Parametric couplings, Quantum measurement, Bath engineering
Date Deposited: 03 May 2021 15:21
Last Modified: 03 May 2021 15:21


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