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The Association between Ambient Air Pollution and Allergic Rhinitis: Further Epidemiological Evidence from Changchun, Northeastern China

Teng, Bo and Zhang, Xuelei and Yi, Chunhui and Zhang, Yan and Ye, Shufeng and Wang, Yafang and Tong, Daniel and Lu, Binfeng (2017) The Association between Ambient Air Pollution and Allergic Rhinitis: Further Epidemiological Evidence from Changchun, Northeastern China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (3). ISSN 1660-4601

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With the continuous rapid urbanization process over the last three decades, outdoors air pollution has become a progressively more serious public health hazard in China. To investigate the possible associations, lag effects and seasonal differences of urban air quality on respiratory health (allergic rhinitis) in Changchun, a city in Northeastern China, we carried out a time-series analysis of the incidents of allergic rhinitis (AR) from 2013 to 2015. Environmental monitoring showed that PM2.5 and PM10 were the major air pollutants in Changchun, followed by SO2, NO2 and O3. The results also demonstrated that the daily concentrations of air pollutants had obvious seasonal differences. PM10 had higher daily mean concentrations in spring (May, dust storms), autumn (October, straw burning) and winter (November to April, coal burning). The mean daily number of outpatient AR visits in the warm season was higher than in the cold season. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was significantly associated with PM2.5, PM10, SO2 and NO2, and the increased mobility was 10.2% (95% CI, 5.5%–15.1%), 4.9% (95% CI, 0.8%–9.2%), 8.5% (95% CI, −1.8%–19.8%) and 11.1% (95% CI, 5.8%–16.5%) for exposure to each 1-Standard Deviation (1-SD) increase of pollutant, respectively. Weakly or no significant associations were observed for CO and O3. As for lag effects, the highest Relative Risks (RRs) of AR from SO2, NO2, PM10 and PM2.5 were on the same day, and the highest RR from CO was on day 4 (L4). The results also indicated that the concentration of air pollutants might contribute to the development of AR. To summarize, this study provides further evidence of the significant association between ambient particulate pollutants (PM2.5 and PM10, which are usually present in high concentrations) and the prevalence of respiratory effects (allergic rhinitis) in the city of Changchun, located in Northeastern China. Environmental control and public health strategies should be enforced to address this increasingly challenging problem.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Teng, Bo
Zhang, Xuelei
Yi, Chunhui
Zhang, Yan
Ye, Shufeng
Wang, Yafang
Tong, Daniel
Lu, Binfengbinfeng@pitt.edubinfeng
Date: 23 February 2017
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 14
Number: 3
Publisher: MDPI AG
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3390/ijerph14030226
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Immunology
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: air pollution, allergic rhinitis, significant association, seasonal effect, lag effects, Changchun
ISSN: 1660-4601
Official URL:
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China, Education Department of Jilin Province in twelfth Five years of scientific and technological research project, 135 Breading Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Article Type: Research Article
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2021 18:12
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2021 18:12


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