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Subvirtiendo las masculinidades racializadas: la negritud y el indigenismo en el Perú de la segunda parte del siglo XX

Romero Fernandez, Cesar Adrian (2021) Subvirtiendo las masculinidades racializadas: la negritud y el indigenismo en el Perú de la segunda parte del siglo XX. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The global capitalist system attributes the world regions with different roles in economic production, oriented to the preservation of global structures of domination. The result is the racialization and sexualization of the global space, an intersectional process with major consequences for postcolonial nations. In twentieth-century Peru, a country of significant racial and ethnic diversity, notions of progress renewed colonial racism. Whiteness was associated with development and modernity, while backwardness and underdevelopment were attached to Afro and Indigenous Peruvians.

In this context, hegemonic discourses constructed images of racialized masculinities: Afro-Peruvian men as hyper-sexualized and savage, and Indigenous men as passive because of an alleged racial degradation. My dissertation analyzes the contestations to these constructions by negritud and indigenismo, two cultural movements that sought to give voice to Afro and Indigenous Peruvians, respectively, in a society that systematically discriminated them. I study literary works from the second part of the twentieth century, by Nicomedes Santa Cruz, José María Arguedas, Gregorio Martínez and Óscar Colchado.

Unlike scholarship who approaches negritud and indigenismo as two separate realms, my dissertation is the first major study that illuminates how these movements’ notions of blackness and indigeneity arose in close relationship with each other. Blending critical race theory and gender studies, my research illustrates how their de-constructions and re-constructions of racialized masculinities, at times subverted and at others, inadvertently confirmed hegemonic discourses. I particularly bring to light their negotiations of desires within mestizaje, which I reinterpret, instead of a mixture of races and cultures, as a “border-as-core” of identity conflicts, an ideological battlefield of contested meanings of race, gender, ethnicity, and political ideologies.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Romero Fernandez, Cesar Adriancar127@pitt.educar127
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLamana,
Committee MemberBranche,
Committee MemberKim, Junyoung Veró
Committee MemberCoronado,
Date: 3 May 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 15 February 2021
Approval Date: 3 May 2021
Submission Date: 24 February 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 340
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arguedas, Colchado, Martínez, Santa Cruz, Peru, Latin America, Race, Gender, Masculinities, Postcoloniality, Hibridity, Mestizaje, Racism, Discrimination, Exclusion, Frontier, Subversion, Unsettling, Decoloniality, Whiteness, Indigeneity, Blackness, Negritud, Indigeneidad, Indigenismo, Negritude
Date Deposited: 03 May 2021 15:10
Last Modified: 03 May 2021 15:10


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