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Interventions to Improve Pregnancy Related Mortality and Morbidity in Black Birthing People: A Rapid Review of the Literature

Toval, Christina (2021) Interventions to Improve Pregnancy Related Mortality and Morbidity in Black Birthing People: A Rapid Review of the Literature. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Black birthing people are 3 to 4 times more likely than White birthing people to experience pregnancy related mortality. This disparity has existed for nearly six decades and is worse now than during slavery. Additionally, Black birthing are nearly twice as likely to experience pregnancy related morbidity. The Black-White disparity in pregnancy related mortality and morbidity has been a popular topic of discussion in recent years with the rise of concern about health equity. The public health significance of this is despite significant racial disparities in pregnancy related mortality and morbidity, the conversation has been focused on identifying causalities as opposed to implementing interventions. While there are interventions that exist at the state and local level, many of these do not have any reports on its efficacy for pregnancy related mortality and/or morbidity. This rapid review of the literature seeks to identify existing interventions that have been reported on. These interventions have been categorized as either economic, medical or social. Because of the pressing nature of this issue, this study suggests expanding the interventions that seem to have the most direct results. This includes expanding Medicaid to all 50 states and implementing obstetric hemorrhage safety bundles to any hospital/center where people give birth.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Toval, Christinacat88@pitt.educat88
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorFelter, Elizabethemfelter@pitt.eduemfelter
Committee MemberSalter, Cynthiacys6@pitt.educys6
Committee MemberMendez, Daraddm11@pitt.eduddm11
Date: 13 May 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 April 2021
Approval Date: 13 May 2021
Submission Date: 30 April 2021
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 57
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pregnancy related mortality, pregnancy related morbidity, black people, literature review
Date Deposited: 13 May 2021 20:14
Last Modified: 13 May 2021 20:14
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/40973

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