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Comparative Analysis of Policies to Reduce Anemia Among Women in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP)

Monteiro Bernardino, Juliana (2021) Comparative Analysis of Policies to Reduce Anemia Among Women in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP). Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that nearly half of all pregnant women and children in the world are anemic (40 percent and 42 percent, respectively). This health issue also affects the well-being of nearly one-third of all non-pregnant women of reproductive age (32.4 percent) (WHO, 2016).

Anemia is an especially problematic health issue because it negatively impacts one's ability to live a healthy life and partake in income generation activities. Anemic pregnant women face more severe consequences such as miscarriage and maternal mortality. In fact, globally, 20 percent of maternal mortality is associated with anemia. Anemia is also a burden on governments due to an increase in public health spending with treatment and lower national productivity.

The prevalence of anemia has been increasing globally in the last decade. This trend is also observed in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), an intergovernmental organization formed by nine countries. In all CPLP members, anemia is considered a significant health issue. However, despite having a commission to end food and nutritional insecurity, CPLP does not address anemia directly at any of its shared plans. Thus, efforts to reduce the prevalence of anemia among women rely exclusively on national policies and actions.

Given the global relevance of this public health issue, WHO has a set of recommendations that should guide countries in the design of policies to combat anemia. Despite compliance with most of WHO recommendations, CPLP members continue to witness an increase in the prevalence of anemia among women. Thus, national policies designed to address anemia should also include other strategies, such as monitoring and impact evaluations and gender-sensitive components.

Therefore, this study aims to analyze the compliance of CPLP members with the recommendations made by the World Health Organization (WHO) in order to identify opportunities for improvements in the prevention and treatment of anemia among women in the CPLP . This analysis can guide policymakers and development practitioners to develop comprehensive and gender-sensitive policies to address anemia. Untimely, it aims to produce evidence-based work that can motivate CPLP to explicitly address anemia in its agreements.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Monteiro Bernardino,
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFinkel, Mü
Committee MemberNelson,
Date: 11 June 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 30 March 2021
Approval Date: 11 June 2021
Submission Date: 29 May 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 57
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Social Policy
Degree: MA - Master of Arts
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anemia, Women, Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP)
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 13:41
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 13:41

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