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Body Mass Index, Flexibility, and Playing Characteristics of Golfers with and without Low Back Pain

Kissner, Jordan (2021) Body Mass Index, Flexibility, and Playing Characteristics of Golfers with and without Low Back Pain. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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INTRODUCTION: The etiology of low back pain is multifactorial making it difficult to identify a specific cause of pain. In golfers, the lumbar spine is the highest reported site of injury in the body. To investigate characteristics related to the prevalence of low back pain in golfers, the aim of this study was to compare Body Mass Index (BMI), hamstring flexibility, playing frequency, handicap, swing type and subject characteristics in golfers with and without low back pain. METHODS: This study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional design. The variables collected included the Oswestry Low Back Disability Index, age, sex, BMI, hamstring flexibility, playing frequency and swing type. Subjects included members of a golf or country club in the North East Region of the United States. Data was collected by means of a survey during a 2-week period. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all variables. Independent sample t-test and Fisher’s Exact tests were used to compare variables between groups. RESULTS: A total of 40 subjects were included in this study (23 male, 17 female, 55.38  12.18 years). Twenty-three subjects reported a prevalence of low back pain. No significance differences were demonstrated in any characteristics between the low back pain group and no low back pain group. CONCLUSION: These results, while not significant, suggest that low back pain is a widespread problem in golfers and its cause is multifactorial. This study may inform clinicians and golfers about the potential risk factors for low back pain.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kissner, Jordanjak384@pitt.edujak384
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairAllison,
Committee MemberMurray,
Committee MemberLovalekar,
Date: 23 July 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 8 June 2021
Approval Date: 23 July 2021
Submission Date: 18 June 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 64
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Sports Medicine and Nutrition
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: n/a
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2021 14:41
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2021 14:41


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