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Indications for pediatric liver transplantation

Esquivel, CO and Iwatsuki, S and Gordon, RD and Marsh, WW and Koneru, B and Makowka, L and Tzakis, AG and Todo, S and Starzl, TE (1987) Indications for pediatric liver transplantation. The Journal of Pediatrics, 111 (6 PART). 1039 - 1045. ISSN 0022-3476

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Abstract

Two hundred fifty pediatric (<18 years of age) patients underwent orthotopic liver transplantation because of end-stage liver disease and were given combination therapy with cyclosporine and prednisone. The most common indications for transplantation in decreasing order of frequency were biliary atresia, inborn errors of metabolism, and postnecrotic cirrhosis. The 5-year actuarial survival for the entire group was 69.2%. Age and diagnosis did not influence survival. Infections were the most common cause of death, followed by liver failure and cerebrovascular accident. The impact of retransplantation on survival depends on the indication. The survival is better when retransplantation is carried out after rejection than because of technical complications, and the latter has a better survival than does primary graft nonfunction. The difference in survival among these groups is statistically significant. The quality of life for 164 of 173 survivors is good to excellent; only nine children are currently experiencing medical problems. A persistent problem in pediatric transplantation is the scarcity of small donors. © 1987 The C. V. Mosby Company.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Esquivel, CO
Iwatsuki, S
Gordon, RD
Marsh, WW
Koneru, B
Makowka, L
Tzakis, AG
Todo, S
Starzl, TEtes11@pitt.eduTES11
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 January 1987
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of Pediatrics
Volume: 111
Number: 6 PART
Page Range: 1039 - 1045
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/s0022-3476(87)80053-7
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0022-3476
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062119437, Starzl CV No. 749
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:12
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 15:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4135

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