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Three Essays at the Interface of Operations Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship

Laik, Joyaditya (2021) Three Essays at the Interface of Operations Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation is a study on the role that metrics and measures serve to incentivize actions by stakeholders whose payoffs are related to how these metrics perform relative to a goal. Specifically, stakeholders maximizing individual payoffs by affecting these measures, may lead to actions that jeopardizes the larger system objective. I study this phenomenon (referred as Goodhart's Law) in the areas of Crowdfunding and Supply Chains. In crowdfunding an entrepreneur sets a target amount to raise, through the duration of a live ``campaign." Unless the target is reached, the entrepreneur does not get the investments put forth by investors (``backers," in crowdfunding parlance). If the target amount is raised, the entrepreneur is obligated to deliver the physical product to the investors. The intended purpose of having the target as threshold is to incentivize the entrepreneurs to set a target amount that is large enough to cover for the product development cost, so that the entrepreneur does not find itself in a position where the campaign manages to reach the target, and yet does not have enough to start production. In chapter 2 we find that an entrepreneur, responding rationally to a platform's rule of ``campaign promotion," sets a target amount that is lower than the product development cost and exposes backers to the risk of non-delivery. In chapter 3, the entrepreneur can choose to not pursue production after observing the subscription level of the crowdfunding campaign. The investors are exposed to the risk of non-delivery when the crowdfunding campaign manages to reach the target, and yet the entrepreneur chooses to not pursue production. To exercise its right to not produce, the entrepreneur pays a premium to the supplier who supplies the parts to the entrepreneur. In chapter 4, I critique the Cash Conversion Cycle, a measure for operational efficiency. Including individual firm differences of sales growth rates, fiscal year endings and seasonality can significantly alter the interpretations. We show that a lower cash conversion cycle can merely be a result of firm specific differences which, if unaccounted, can be mistaken for better operational efficiency.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Laik, Joyadityajol76@pitt.edujol76
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMirchandani,
Committee MemberGal-Or,
Committee MemberBanciu,
Committee MemberValdes,
Date: 1 September 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 6 July 2021
Approval Date: 1 September 2021
Submission Date: 30 July 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 173
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: College of Business Administration > Business Administration
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Operations Management, Accounting
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2021 05:58
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 05:58


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