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Black Infant Mortality Disparities in the United States

Omowale, Serwaa S. (2021) Black Infant Mortality Disparities in the United States. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Infant mortality is the death of an infant before the first birthday and is considered a measure of the health of a population. Due to medical advances and maternal and childcare interventions, infant mortality has declined in the United States. However, the disparity between Black and White infant mortality rates is a persistent public health issue. The Black infant mortality rate is two times the rate of White infants based on the most recent available data. This paper reviewed the social-historical context of Black maternal health, explored the empirical literature on risk factors associated with adverse birth outcomes, and outlined strengths and limitations of research methods examining Black infant mortality. Lastly, the paper offers recommendations for interventions and action steps for public health professionals to work towards birth equity.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Omowale, Serwaa S.sso15@pitt.eduSSO15
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis advisorTerry, Marthamaterry@pitt.edumaterryUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberJarlenski, Marianmarian.jarlenski@pitt.edumarian.jarlenskiUNSPECIFIED
Date: 31 August 2021
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 56
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: No
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 12:56
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 12:56


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