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Do Listeners Care About the Speaker or the Input? Evidence from Structural Priming

Getty, Douglas J. (2023) Do Listeners Care About the Speaker or the Input? Evidence from Structural Priming. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Past findings suggest that the representation of non-native speech may be underspecified relative to native speech during comprehension (Hanulíková et al., 2012; Lev-Ari, 2015, Gibson et al., 2017). Across two experiments, I explore two possible reason why this might occur: rational expectation for reduced speaker reliability or ad hoc adaptation to the particulars of the given input. To probe these explanations, I examined structural processing of native and non-native speech. In experiment 1, I show that structural priming is reduced for non-native speech relative to native speech. However, I also find that this pattern reverses in the second half of the experiment. In experiment 2, I show that a less proficient non-native speaker elicits more priming than a more proficient non-native speaker, inconsistent with the expectation explanation. I suggest that listeners’ comprehension of non-native speech is governed by contextually optimized processing strategies rather than a global reliance on speaker information when processing non-native speech.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Getty, Douglas J.djg94@pitt.edudjg94
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFraundorf, Scott H.sfraundo@pitt.edusfraundo
Committee MemberWarren, Tessatessa@pitt.edutessa
Committee MemberOrtega-Llebaria, Martamao61@pitt.edumao61
Date: 6 November 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 9 March 2021
Approval Date: 6 November 2023
Submission Date: 29 November 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 70
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: structural priming, speaker identity, non-native speech
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2023 18:18
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 18:18


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