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A settlement house and a hospital: Jewish organization for immigrant healthcare in Pittsburgh, 1910-1924

Schultz, Corey (2022) A settlement house and a hospital: Jewish organization for immigrant healthcare in Pittsburgh, 1910-1924. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Montefiore Hospital, organized by the Hebrew Ladies Hospital Aid Society, opened its doors in 1908 to “the sick poor of every creed, color and nationality.” Pittsburgh’s Jewish community played an important role in establishing social organizations that aimed to provide healthcare opportunities for immigrants who were excluded from hospitals for financial reasons or because they were discriminated against. This paper analyzes how the members of Pittsburgh’s Jewish community organized both the Irene Kaufmann Settlement and Montefiore Hospital to expand the opportunities for healthcare access for Pittsburgh immigrants. These organizations represented physical manifestations of the Jewish Maternalist and Social Welfare efforts promoted by national organizations such as the National Council of Jewish Women. They not only implemented programs for direct healthcare access, such as the Irene Kaufmann Settlement’s better baby clinics or free dispensary but were also involved in broader initiatives, such as the establishment of the Pittsburgh Visiting Nurse Association. This paper discusses how the Irene Kaufmann Settlement and Montefiore Hospital were able to make these changes, analyzing their actual healthcare initiatives, the role of women, and their greater ties to the American Jewish community. Understanding the role of these social organizations in providing healthcare opportunities for immigrants can better help us understand the development of immigrant healthcare during the twentieth-century.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schultz, Coreycks21@pitt.educks210000-0002-9072-4541
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFrykman, Niklasnef13@pitt.edunef13
Committee MemberNappi, Carlanappi@pitt.edunappi
Committee MemberKranson, Rachelkranson@pitt.edukranson
Committee MemberSimpson,
Date: 23 April 2022
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 31 March 2022
Approval Date: 23 April 2022
Submission Date: 17 April 2022
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 46
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Immigrant Healthcare, Pittsburgh, Jewish, Irene Kaufmann Settlement, Montefiore Hospital
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2022 18:58
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2024 05:15


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