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Implications of transportation on human trafficking in the United States: a spatial analysis

Beinhauer, Amanda (2022) Implications of transportation on human trafficking in the United States: a spatial analysis. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Human trafficking often involves the movement of people across country borders, state borders, in between cities, and across town. Spatial analyses of the flows and connections that characterize human trafficking at all scales are limited. Likewise, the connection between modes of transportation and trafficking rates has yet to be fully explored. This paper addresses this gap by providing a descriptive analysis of the correlation between the number and type of transportation hubs (airports, ports, train stations, and border crossing stations) and human trafficking prosecution rates using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The results show that human trafficking prosecutions are concentrated in areas with large urban places and populations, Texas, California, Florida, and Virginia, and one other state, South Dakota. Border states have the largest number of transportation hubs. A bivariate correlation, a statistical technique that determines the existence and strength of relationships between two variables, shows that there is a strong correlation between the number of transportation hubs in a state and human trafficking prosecution rates.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Beinhauer, Amandaarb218@pitt.eduarb218
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLucas, Susansdl44@pitt.edu
Committee CoChairBrush, Lisalbrush@pitt.edu
Committee MemberDe Carvalho, Robertarmdecarvalho@pitt.edu
Committee MemberBurke, Marymcburke@carlow.edu
Date: 25 April 2022
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 15 April 2022
Approval Date: 25 April 2022
Submission Date: 22 April 2022
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 64
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: University Honors College
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: human trafficking, district court jurisdictions, GIS, spatial analysis, transportation
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2022 23:25
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2022 23:25
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/42707

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