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Investigation of Medicine Adherence in the Samoan Population

Pettersen, Samantha (2022) Investigation of Medicine Adherence in the Samoan Population. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Independent Samoa is approaching a public health crisis with high rates of chronic disease along with disproportionately high rates of obesity. Chronic diseases have underlying genetic factors in the development of disease and cause long term health complications. Chronic diseases like heart disease, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia require lifestyle adjustments and long-term usage of medicine in order to treat disease symptoms. However, many patients have trouble remaining adherent to needed medicine which can cause health complications and higher health costs in the future. Using data gathered from health-related questionnaires from the Obesity, Lifestyle, and Genetic Adaptations (OLaGA; n. life in Samoan) study group, medicine adherence for heart disease, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia was investigated. The trends for medicine non-adherence for chronic diseases can lead to new knowledge that informs the development of interventions that improve medicine adherence. This research shows that of the study participants with chronic disease, the total non-adherence rate was 24.3%, with hypercholesterolemia having a rate of 33.3% of non-adherence, followed by hypertension (22.3%) and heart disease (22.7%). Females were more non-adherent for heart disease (60%) and hypertension (52.6%) medicines while males were more non-adherent (66.7%) for hypercholesterolemia medicines. With these trends in mind, the existing health intervention programs in Samoa were examined for their ability to address medicine non-adherence, and possible additions to the programs were suggested to increase medicine adherence in Samoa.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pettersen, Samanthaskp43@pitt.eduskp43
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairRosenthal, Samanthaslr16@pitt.eduslr16UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMinster, Ryanrminster@pitt.edurminsterUNSPECIFIED
Date: 18 May 2022
Date Type: Completion
Submission Date: 29 April 2022
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 53
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Public Health Genetics
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic Disease, Medicine Adherence, Independent Samoa, Samoa
Date Deposited: 18 May 2022 20:21
Last Modified: 18 May 2024 05:15


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