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Quechua Ethnolinguistic Vitality: A Perspective on and from Health

DeLoge, Alana Nicole (2022) Quechua Ethnolinguistic Vitality: A Perspective on and from Health. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation increases our understanding of the ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) of one variety of Quechua and expands our understanding of what it means for a language to be vital. Utilizing a sociolinguistics of language contact approach, in which the connections among languages and cultures in contact necessarily underlie outcomes of EV, I explore three distinct cases to demonstrate EV within the domain of health for Cochabamba Quechua, a subvariety of Southern Quechua spoken in and around the city of Cochabamba, Bolivia.

A series of ten sociolinguistic interviews provide the data for the first two analyses. In the first analysis, language ideologies and attitudes emerge that inform Quechua EV, e.g., the Spanish language is associated with that which is academic and scientific, while Quechua is understood as oppositional to this. These ideologies do not demonstrate high EV: Quechua is not valued, but rather is a tool for a hegemonic healthcare system. In the second analysis, I demonstrate that the discourse marker a veces, or ‘sometimes,’ is used as a reportative evidential marker that can also denote negative affective stance in Andean Spanish, a result of contact with Quechua and other indigenous languages. Both the presence of a veces within Andean Spanish and that it is a resource through and with which speakers navigate social realities denote potential for Quechua EV. Finally, analyzing Cochabamba Quechua outside of Cochabamba, COVID-19 informational videos presented through internet channels and a speech event contributing to the development of a Quechua language textbook also suggest high EV for Quechua because they indicate significant social capital.

In addition to a greater understanding of Quechua EV, this dissertation also demonstrates the necessity to consider the linguistic ecology, through ethnographic and interactional data, to determine how EV is identified and analyzed. Rather than classifications along a high to low continuum, for example, studies of EV might consider looking at where and how vitality manifests, i.e., what Quechua speakers do, how they do it, and how EV manifests in these very particular contexts.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
DeLoge, Alana Nicoleand86@pitt.eduand860000-0003-4288-8397
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGooden, Shelomesgooden@pitt.edusgooden
Committee MemberKanwit, Matthewmkanwit@pitt.edumkanwit
Committee MemberKiesling, Scottkiesling@pitt.edukiesling
Committee MemberO'Rourke,
Date: 16 June 2022
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 18 February 2022
Approval Date: 16 June 2022
Submission Date: 3 May 2022
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 170
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Linguistics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: language contact, sociolinguistics, Indigenous languages, language revitalization, language maintenance
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 11:53
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2022 11:53


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