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Housing Instability During the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Lack of Sustainable Policy Level Interventions

Frederic, Wendeline (2022) Housing Instability During the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Lack of Sustainable Policy Level Interventions. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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For the last two years, the COVID-19 pandemic has been a leading public health concern. The effects of the pandemic transcend high COVID-19 infections rates. Shattering job loss and unemployment rates have led to individuals experiencing unprecedented economic hardship. As a result, housing instability has become an even greater concern especially for renters as risks of eviction increase. While the pandemic exacerbated housing instability, housing instability’s impact on health, access to education and employment have always been a driver of public health inequity. Housing is a critical component of life that directly impacts health outcomes. Data suggests Black and Hispanic people are more likely to experience forms of housing instability compared to non-Hispanic White people. Homeownership is recognized as a key source of establishing wealth in the United States. However, communities of color have been historically excluded from qualifying for mortgages. As a result, they often resort to renting property instead. Due to a lack of strict and standardized housing regulations the dynamic between renters and landlords can greatly impact housing status. The vulnerability of renters directly impacts their health and contributes to health inequities.
Eviction during a pandemic poses as a public health concern because it is likely to increase infection rates due to households being forced to relocate, difficulty enforcing social distancing guidelines, and limited access to health care. Legislative efforts at the national, state, and local
level have been implemented to help mitigate high infection rates and keep people housed during this time. However, the sustainability of these efforts is of concern because of their temporality. This paper will explore the public health implications of housing instability during the COVID-19 pandemic and how the development of multi-level policy interventions has applied to Pennsylvania renters. Using the tenets of the socioecological framework a strong consideration is given to the legislative policies that were implemented in response to the pandemics effect on housing instability.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Frederic, Wendelinewmf15@pitt.eduwmf15
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBrown, Andreabrown7@pitt.eduabrown7UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberElias, Thistle I.elias@pitt.edueliasUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberMihok, Brianabnd2@pitt.edubnd2UNSPECIFIED
Date: 17 May 2022
Date Type: Completion
Submission Date: 29 April 2022
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 43
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: eviction, housing instability, housing insecurity, tenant, landlord, COVID-19, pandemic, moratorium
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 13:58
Last Modified: 17 May 2022 15:40

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