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Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Runners with and without Patellofemoral Pain Measured by Functional Movement Screening

Woodruff, Robert (2022) Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Runners with and without Patellofemoral Pain Measured by Functional Movement Screening. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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INTRODUCTION: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool developed as a standardized pre-participation movement screening to evaluate movement of daily life, used to identify gross movements that are dysfunctional which then need to be corrected, or gross movements that are performed well that can then be further developed. FMS has been used to guide exercise selection to increase sport performance, as well as an injury risk predicting method. Patellofemoral pain is prominent in the running population. The purpose of this study was twofold: (I) Evaluate the effectiveness of a functional movement screen in detecting patellofemoral pain in runners with and without patellofemoral pain; (II) Correct the movement dysfunction with exercise prescription. METHODS: 20 participants with patellofemoral pain and 8 participants with no patellofemoral pain were included. The participants underwent an FMS pre-test and based upon their score, were given a home exercise program. The participants were instructed to complete home exercises over a six-week period, then returned for an FMS post-test. Paired samples t-test, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test, and McNemar’s test were conducted to analyze changes in FMS scores over the course of the home exercise program, separately in the pain and no pain group. RESULTS: There was no significant change in composite FMS scores for runners without patellofemoral pain (M=15.7, SD=2.2) after receiving an exercise intervention (M = 17.3, SD = 2.3); t(5) = -1.976, p = 0.105. There was a significant increase in composite FMS scores for runners with patellofemoral pain (M=15.6, SD=2.0) after receiving an exercise intervention (M = 17.7, SD = 1.8); t(14) = -4.571, p = <0.001. CONCLUSION: Baseline composite FMS scores were not able to discriminate between participants with or without patellofemoral pain. The exercise intervention was effective in increasing composite FMS scores in participants with patellofemoral pain.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Woodruff, Robertrow61@pitt.edurow61
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorMurray,
Committee ChairLovalekar,
Committee ChairAllison,
Date: 7 July 2022
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 25 May 2022
Approval Date: 7 July 2022
Submission Date: 14 June 2022
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 72
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Sports Medicine and Nutrition
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: functional movement screening, patellofemoral pain, exercise
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2022 19:03
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 19:03

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