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Legacies in the Landscape: Borderland Processes in the Upper Moche Valley Chaupiyunga of Peru

Mullins, Patrick James (2022) Legacies in the Landscape: Borderland Processes in the Upper Moche Valley Chaupiyunga of Peru. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation is a study of the Moche Valley chaupiyunga as a borderland over three millennia (~1600 BCE – ~1700 CE) with a focus on (1) settlement patterns and (2) how different polities interacted with the region over time. Nestled between the Andean highlands and the wide Pacific coastline, the chaupiyungas of the western Andes are geographic boundaries that often became demographic, political, cultural, and economic boundaries between peoples and polities in the past. The Moche Valley of Peru was the cradle of two influential political traditions – The Southern Moche and the Kingdom of Chimor – and a study of its chaupiyunga provides a lens into borderland processes at the edges of early polities. This dissertation combined a full-coverage pedestrian survey with legacy and historical data to model settlement patterns and understand how demographic, political, cultural, and economic boundaries transformed in the Upper Moche Valley chaupiyunga from 1600 BCE and up to the late 1700s CE.
These data revealed deep pasts of settlement in the Upper Moche Valley chaupiyunga in which communities, polities, and places became bound together in the landscape over time. Moche political expansion into the chaupiyunga had a lasting impact on these borderlands as the huaca-colony of Katuay was established and canals were expanded up-valley. The later Kingdom of Chimor built off of Moche nodes of authority but generally had a more indirect approach to the more densely settled and conflict-ridden landscape of its chaupiyunga frontier. Generally, the many communities who navigated these borderlands could find continuity through binding themselves to previous settlements or to canalized lands. Political expansion into this borderland was thus a negotiation between existing landscapes and political traditions themselves. Similarly, both local communities and incoming polities could build or call upon older legacies to help secure their place in this often-contested landscape.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Mullins, Patrick Jamespjm87@pitt.edupjm870000-0002-9181-1671
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairArkush,
Committee MemberDrennan,
Committee MemberBermann,
Committee MemberBillman,
Date: 12 October 2022
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 19 October 2021
Approval Date: 12 October 2022
Submission Date: 2 August 2022
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 904
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Borderlands, Frontiers, Borders, Boundaries, Warfare, GIS Analyses in Archaeology, Settlement Pattern Studies, Early Complex Polities, Ancient States and Empires, Landscapes, Political Landscapes, Chaupiyunga, Moche Valley, Andean Archaeology, Kingdom of Chimor, Chimú Empire, Inka Empire, Moche, Southern Moche, Gallinazo, Virú, Salinar, Guañape
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2022 15:26
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2022 15:26

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  • Legacies in the Landscape: Borderland Processes in the Upper Moche Valley Chaupiyunga of Peru. (deposited 12 Oct 2022 15:26) [Currently Displayed]


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