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International Experiences of Economic Abuse of Women: Experiences, Health Impacts, and Interventions: A Scoping Review

Scott, Sarah (2023) International Experiences of Economic Abuse of Women: Experiences, Health Impacts, and Interventions: A Scoping Review. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Economic abuse is a type of intimate partner violence (IPV) and has severe consequences on a survivor's physical, psychological, social, and economic health. Several concepts make up economic abuse, including financial control, exploitation, and education and employment sabotage. This scoping review examines the experiences, risk factors, health impacts, and interventions addressing economic abuse among women. One reviewer searched three databases to find original research articles published in English on intimate partner economic abuse and had a study population of women older than 18 years old. A total of 1105 titles and abstracts were reviewed (after removing duplicates), after which 269 articles remained. Of the articles reviewed, 109 articles met inclusion criteria and were included in this review. One reviewer conducted data extraction. Findings reveal that most of the published work has been cross-sectional, conducted in high-income countries, and is focused predominantly on experiences of economic abuse and risk factors. Results indicate that women experience a variety of economically abusive tactics, including a partner intentionally ruining credit, denying money for essential items, monitoring the use of cash and debit cards, and preventing or sabotaging a partner's ability to work. Studies found that these experiences significantly impact health, including depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidal ideation, and cardiovascular disease. Studies show that several risk factors increase the risk for economic abuse, including financial dependence, risky sexual behavior, physical, sexual, and psychological partner violence, and survivor disability status. Several interventions exist to ameliorate the effects of such violence. Further research should be conducted in low-income countries, should examine the long-term impacts and reproductive/sexual health impacts of economic abuse, examine the role of the COVID-19 pandemic on experiences of economic abuse, and study the impact of economic abuse on a survivor's ability to seek healthcare. Future interventions should focus on preventing economic abuse by creating new educational programs, integrating economic abuse information into existing violence prevention initiatives, and promoting a range of economic justice policies. It is critical for public health, medical, social work, and victim service professionals to be aware of the experiences, health impacts, risk factors, and health impacts of economic abuse.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Scott, Sarahses273@pitt.eduses2730000-0001-8571-9302
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFelter, Elizabethemfelter@pitt.eduemfelter
Committee MemberMiller, Elizabethelizabeth.miller@pitt.eduelizabeth.miller
Committee MemberDauria, Emilyefd16@pitt.eduefd16
Date: 5 January 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 6 December 2022
Approval Date: 5 January 2023
Submission Date: 7 December 2022
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 103
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: economic abuse, intimate partner violence, scoping review
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2023 15:11
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2023 15:11


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