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Escribirse en México: estudio sobre la escritura de refugiado y el caso de Luis Cardoza y Aragón

Abreu Cornelio, Agustín (2023) Escribirse en México: estudio sobre la escritura de refugiado y el caso de Luis Cardoza y Aragón. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This is a study about refugee creation. It is concerned with those bonds an exiled author establishes with the nation where he seeks refuge. It is in debt to Homi Bhabha’s theory of nation as narration, one trying to educate its readers or one making them perform the nation along the narrative enunciation. Beyond conforming community, nation narratives legitimize exclusion, separating citizens from mere inhabitants. Refugees, such as Carlos Mérida, Olga Costa, Helen Fowler or Luis Cardoza, resisted the exclusion by intervening, challenging or recreating such discourses. This work analyzes refugee art and literature in an environment where nationalist positions were radically expressed within the state apparatuses, as was the case in Mexico following the Revolution, when policies regarding immigration were radically restrictive. The dissertation focusses in Luis Cardoza y Aragón’s essays —La nube y el reloj (1940) and Apolo y Coatlicue (1944)— and poetry —Pequeña sinfonía del Nuevo Mundo (1948)— as refugee creation. On the one hand, it elucidates the match between local and universal as the foundation for Cardoza’s vanguardist attempt to decenter Western expression and to invest Latin America, after arielismo modernista, as the heir of European culture. On the other, it unveils how Cardoza corrodes symbolic borders in order to insert refugees like himself in Mexican time and space as citizens of merit, and to open the nation as an internation about to face imperialism. Cardoza exceeds national codification, displaces discourse through the ineffable of poetry, returns us to the materiality of signification and, in doing so, gives us the possibility to reformulate the nation’s terms.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Abreu Cornelio, Agustínaga31@pitt.eduaga31
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSotomayor-Miletti, Aurea Mariaams389@pitt.eduams389
Committee MemberBeverly, Johnbrq@pitt.edubrq
Committee MemberTenorio, Daviddtenoriog@pitt.edudtenoriog
Committee MemberJosten, Jenniferjej40@pitt.edujej40
Date: 10 May 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 5 December 2022
Approval Date: 10 May 2023
Submission Date: 8 December 2022
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 352
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Luis Cardoza y Aragón, refugee writing, refugee art, post-revolutionary Mexico, Mexican Poetry
Date Deposited: 10 May 2023 16:16
Last Modified: 10 May 2023 16:16


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