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Impact of resource availability on opioid use disorder treatment outcomes in women: a literature review

Milke, Rachel (2023) Impact of resource availability on opioid use disorder treatment outcomes in women: a literature review. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The opioid epidemic has led to dramatic increases in opioid use disorder (OUD) and opioid related deaths. Currently, treatment consists of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) and nonpharmacological treatment, such as group or family therapy. However, patients often face barriers to treatment, preventing them from accessing necessary care. Without adequate treatment, OUD recovery can be negatively impacted. Women in particular may experience OUD differently than men and also encounter unique challenges that limit them from being able to obtain MOUD or other services. Therefore, it is crucial to research women specifically in order to tailor care for this population and optimize treatment. This literature review evaluates three main categories of resources and how their availability impacts treatment outcomes for women with OUD. These categories include availability of MOUD, wraparound services, and access to mental health resources. Subcategories were comprised of women-specific services, rural versus urban settings, childcare, housing, transportation, and types of mental health therapies. Findings demonstrate that access to these services improved treatment outcomes of longer time in OUD treatment (correlated with decreased risk of relapse), increased retention in treatment, reduced opioid use posttreatment, lower relapse rates, and overall greater patient satisfaction. The results of this review will help inform clinicians and impact policies in order to improve access to services that will enhance treatment outcomes in women with opioid use disorder.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Milke, Rachelrlm128@pitt.edurlm128
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis AdvisorBeck, Daviddbeck@pitt.edudbeck
Hare, Jasonjhare@pitt.edujhare
Rodgers, Christinecer51@pitt.educer51
Date: 19 April 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 7 April 2023
Approval Date: 19 April 2023
Submission Date: 18 April 2023
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 38
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: opioid use disorder (OUD), medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD)
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2023 23:17
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 23:17


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