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A Comparison of Florida and New York Health Policy Approaches to the 2022 Mpox Outbreak

Alvarez, Cynthia (2023) A Comparison of Florida and New York Health Policy Approaches to the 2022 Mpox Outbreak. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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The mpox outbreak of 2022 occurred amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The public health infrastructure across the country was already buckling, and a new outbreak of an emerging infectious disease would test the strength of our infrastructure yet again. Mpox cases climbed in the span of several months and disproportionately affected the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT+) population. New York and Florida were both states where cases increased rapidly, prompting an outbreak response plan which relied on measures left largely to individual states. This paper compares New York and Florida’s use of their existing health policy to respond to the mpox outbreak to see how both states fared in controlling the outbreak. Ultimately, both states saw a decrease in mpox cases as the months progressed even with a difference in approaches. The decrease in cases was influenced by the distribution of vaccines from the federal government to states in need. However, multiple factors can influence case numbers, such as changes in the behavior of the public and the ease of transmission of the mpox virus. This type of comparative analysis is instructive because as the outbreak ends, public health officials can analyze areas in which to improve their response effort and decrease the spread of diseases in the future. This is a point of public health importance as emerging infectious diseases are poised to make a comeback in our globalized world.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Alvarez, Cynthiacya7@pitt.educya7
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGivens, Daviddlg43@pitt.eduDGL43UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberKrier, Sarahsek29@pitt.eduSEK29UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberCoulter,
Date: 15 May 2023
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 46
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 15 May 2023 21:37
Last Modified: 15 May 2023 21:37


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