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Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccination and Intention to Vaccinate Children Among a Childbearing Population (in Allegheny County, PA)

Adodoadji, Linda A (2023) Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccination and Intention to Vaccinate Children Among a Childbearing Population (in Allegheny County, PA). Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Background/Objective: Despite all persons 6 months of age or older being eligible for COVID-19 vaccines by July 2022, racial and socioeconomic inequities persist in the U.S. The objectives of this study were to 1) identify factors associated with maternal COVID-19 vaccination status, 2) identify factors associated with maternal intent to vaccinate children against COVID-19, and 3) explore racial inequities (specifically between Black and White individuals) in vaccination status and intent to vaccinate children or actual child vaccination in a childbearing population in Allegheny County.
Methods: From May to August 2022, we surveyed 186 participants from the Postpartum Mothers Mobile Study (PMOMS) regarding COVID-19 vaccination status, intent to vaccinate children against COVID-19, and sources of COVID-19 information. We analyzed descriptive characteristics of the population and performed log-binomial regression to estimate the maternal characteristics associated with intent to vaccinate children against COVID-19.
Results: The final analytical sample included 186 participants. The majority (81.2%) reported receiving at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. About half (53.7%) of Black participants received at least one dose, compared to 88.7% of White participants (p<0.0001). Among all unvaccinated participants (18.8%), 11.4% of them reported receiving COVID-19 information from scientists, doctors, and health experts, while 51.4% reported receiving information about COVID-19 from no news sources. A total of 42% of participants had low intent
to vaccinate their children. Of these participants who had low intent to vaccinate children, 59.5% were themselves vaccinated compared to 97.2% who were themselves vaccinated and had high intent to vaccinate their children. Receiving a COVID-19 vaccine (RR=2.94; CI: 2.27, 3.80), identifying as Black (RR=2.03; CI: 1.51, 2.71), and having an annual income of $50,000 or less (RR=2.31; CI: 1.65, 3.22) were significantly associated with increased risk for low intent to vaccinate children.
Conclusion: These analyses show racial and socioeconomic inequities in maternal vaccination. These data may inform public health practice and highlight the urgent need to address vaccine uptake inequities in unvaccinated mothers to positively impact their future behaviors regarding getting children vaccinated and boosted against COVID-19.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Adodoadji, Linda Alaa92@pitt.edulaa92
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Thesis advisorMéndez, Dara Dddm11@pitt.eduddm11UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberHo, Ken Sksh25@pitt.eduksh25UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberHill, Ashley Vavh16@pitt.eduavh6UNSPECIFIED
Date: 17 May 2023
Date Type: Completion
Submission Date: 27 April 2023
Access Restriction: 2 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 2 years.
Number of Pages: 60
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: pregnant, postpartum, hesitancy, vaccine hesitancy
Date Deposited: 17 May 2023 15:00
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 15:00


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