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Bicameral Legislature in Modern Gulf States: Bahrain and Oman

ALYarabi, Ahmed (2023) Bicameral Legislature in Modern Gulf States: Bahrain and Oman. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Bahrain and Oman adopted a bicameral legislature with an appointed upper house with equal power to the popularly elected lower house. Given that both countries are strong monarchies, this bicameral model allows the government, through the upper house, to limit the possibilities of popular rule and entrench greater authoritarianism.
This study examines the bicameral model used in Bahrain and Oman from four angles. The first step in comprehending this bicameral model is to place it in the context of other bicameral legislatures worldwide. It highlights its features and how and why it varies from other bicameral legislatures. This part of the research also looks at the background and motivations of the first bicameral legislature. It is vital to look into the history of the bicameral legislature in order to comprehend why a nation would choose two houses of legislature than one.
The research explores the causes behind Bahrain and Oman's adoption of this particular model by looking at the political histories of both countries and the various political, economic, and social factors that influenced this choice.
Investigating the relationships inside the legislature is proceeded by research into the political and legal framework of civil society institutions. The study looks into the interactions inside the legislature to see how the bicameral model functions in practice. Additionally, it looks into the political makeup of the Oman Council from 2011 to 2019 and the Bahrain National Assembly from 2002 to 2010.

In order to determine if the upper house functions as merely a government agent in the legislature, it is crucial to examine intra-house relationships relevant to legislative processes. This research exclusively focuses on the legislative process because the oversight power is either entirely confined in the lower chamber, as in Oman, or is centered there principally in Bahrain. This analysis looked at two items: government-submitted bills and proposed laws. Analyzing legislative proposals and laws aims to identify trends among the houses, learn what each one's behavior might reveal about its nature, and assess the degree to which its makeup contributed to that behavior. It also examines how the two houses' system for resolving disagreements operates.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ALYarabi, AhmedAHA70@pitt.eduAHA70
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHamoudi,
Committee MemberLobel,
Committee MemberChoi,
Date: 30 May 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 13 January 2023
Approval Date: 30 May 2023
Submission Date: 5 May 2023
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 211
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Law > Law
Degree: SJD - Doctor of Juridical Science
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oman Bahrain Bicameral legislature
Date Deposited: 30 May 2023 17:20
Last Modified: 30 May 2023 17:20


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