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Platelet-activating factor and hyperacute rejection: The effect of a platelet-activating factor antagonist, sri 63-441, on rejection of xenografts and allografts in sensitized hosts

Makowka, L and Chapman, FA and Cramer, DV and Qian, S and Sun, H and Starz, TE (1990) Platelet-activating factor and hyperacute rejection: The effect of a platelet-activating factor antagonist, sri 63-441, on rejection of xenografts and allografts in sensitized hosts. Transplantation, 50 (3). 359 - 365. ISSN 0041-1337

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Abstract

The pathogenesis of hyperacute transplantation reactions includes the activation of a cascade of nonspecific inflammatory reactions that precipitates the destruction of the target organ. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) represents an important component of these inflammatory cascades, and we have examined the influence of a specific PAF receptor antagonist (SRI 63-441) on the inhibition of hyperacute rejection in two experimental models, the rejection of rat cardiac allografts by presensitized recipients and guinea pig-to-rat and mouse-to- rat cardiac xenografts. Our results demonstrate that inhibition of PAF function by SRI 63-441 has a variable effect on the survival of cardiac allografts in presensitized rat recipients. In the ACI to sensitized BN cardiac allograft model, the use of SRI 63-441 alone, or in combination with CsA, FK506, or prostaglandin E < inf > 2 < /inf > (PGE < inf > 2 < /inf > ), does not prolong graft survival. As we have previously reported, SRI 63-441 does act as a single agent to prolong the survival of ACI to sensitized LEW grafts, and this survival effect is synergistic when combined with CsA. Here we extend these results to demonstrate that this survival is also extended when FK506 is used in the ACI-to-LEW model. Concordant mouse-to- rat cardiac xenografts are also relatively resistant to prolongation of graft survival following treatment with SRI 63-441 alone or in combination with CsA or FK506. Discordant xenografts appear to be more susceptible to inhibition of the rejection reaction with SRI 63-441. When either donor or recipient animals were treated with SRI 63-441 alone, or in combination with CsA or FK506, there was significant prolongation of guinea pig-to-rat cardiac xenograft survival. These results are consistent with our earlier description of the effectiveness of SRI 63-441 in preventing the rejection of cat- to-rabbit kidney xenografts. We believe that these resuits demonstrate that the use of the SRI 63-441 to specifically interfere with the function of PAF has the effect of prolonging graft survival in those systems in which preformed antibody and/or complement activation are important components of the hyperacute reaction. This synthetic drug is representative of a family of compounds whose structure can be modified to balance their therapeutic and toxicity activities, and may prove to be important components of a polytherapeutic approach to the control of graft rejection in sensitized patients or following discordant xenografting. © 1990 by Williams and Wilkins.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Makowka, L
Chapman, FA
Cramer, DV
Qian, S
Sun, H
Starz, TE
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 January 1990
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Transplantation
Volume: 50
Number: 3
Page Range: 359 - 365
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0041-1337
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062116631, Starzl CV No. 1109
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:19
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 21:58
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4495

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