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Three Essays on Health and Economic Development

Campanario, Juan Manuel (2023) Three Essays on Health and Economic Development. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This dissertation consists of three essays on health and economic development. Chapter 1 presents a study of how closing a refinery affects infant birth weights, gestational length, and miscarriages. This study finds that health outcomes are worse after closing. While closure improves the ambient air quality, local government budgets suffer a large loss in tax revenue, which can only be to fund public investment projects. Chapter 2 presents an observational study of the role of social welfare programs in reducing persistent inequality. The findings of this study suggest that creating programs which broadly target low-income households can in part offset income and consumption differences between people living within a historically oppressed region and those living just outside the boundary. Chapter 3 presents new data on mining production and the Mining Bank of Peru. The data provides new insights on medium and small-scale mining operations and attempts to create an institutional framework that supports their activities. This study provides evidence that operations near the coast are highly sensitive to international prices and request economic aid in times of low prices, there is significant correlation between lead production during a woman's own gestational period and her future child's birth weight, and legislation to increase production and investment of mining operations largely failed.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Campanario, Juan Manueljuc4@pitt.edujuc84
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBerkowitz,
Committee MemberGiuntella,
Committee MemberDuquennois,
Committee MemberAgüero,
Date: 6 September 2023
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 25 April 2023
Approval Date: 6 September 2023
Submission Date: 12 June 2023
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 134
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Economics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: development, economics, infant health
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2023 13:35
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2023 13:35


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