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Evolution of hepatitis B virus liver disease after hepatic replacement. Practical and theoretical considerations

Demetris, AJ and Todo, S and Van Thiel, DH and Fung, JJ and Iwaki, Y and Sysyn, G and Ming, W and Trager, J and Starzl, TE (1990) Evolution of hepatitis B virus liver disease after hepatic replacement. Practical and theoretical considerations. American Journal of Pathology, 137 (3). 667 - 676. ISSN 0002-9440

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Abstract

The morphologic evolution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) liver disease in 45 hepatic allograft recipients who were HBV surface-antigen positive (HBs-Ag+) at the time of liver replacement and who survived for more than 60 days was studied by routine histologic and immunocytochemical analysis of serial pathology specimens. The findings in these patients were compared to a control group of 30 individuals who were immune to the HBV (anti-HBs antibody positive), but required hepatic replacement for other reasons. Eight of the forty-five (18%) HBsAg-positive patients have no serologic evidence of HBV reinfection after transplantation. All 37 remaining patients are reinfected; 21 (47%) developed chronic active hepatitis and/or cirhosis, 3 (7%) developed submassive necrosis, and 6 (14%) developed chronic lobular hepatitis. One patient lost her graft to chronic rejection, despite reinfection with the B virus. Four other patients (9%) developed a chronic carrier state. No long-term follow-up biopsies were available in the remaining two patients. The histologic features associated with dysfunction related to recurrent HBV infection evolved from an acute to chronic phase and were similar to hepatitis B seen in nonallografted livers. Furthermore HBV-related lesions could be separated from rejection using routine histology alone. The only exception to this conclusion was the occurrence of a peculiar HBV-related lesion in two recipients, described herein. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated the presence of viral antigens in almost all cases. Hepatic inflammation also was commonly present during HBV disease and consisted mostly of accessory cells and T lymphocytes. Analysis of the effect of major histocompatibility complex matching revealed no clear association between the number of class I or II matches or mismatches and the development, or pattern, of active hepatitis in the allograft. Peculiar pathologic alterations in several of the biopsies and failed allografts after HBV reinfection suggests that, under special circumstances, the B virus may by cytopathic.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Demetris, AJ
Todo, S
Van Thiel, DH
Fung, JJ
Iwaki, Y
Sysyn, G
Ming, W
Trager, J
Starzl, TEtes11@pitt.eduTES11
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 January 1990
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: American Journal of Pathology
Volume: 137
Number: 3
Page Range: 667 - 676
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0002-9440
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062116904, Starzl CV No. 1137
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:19
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 21:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4523

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