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Barriers & Facilitators to the Reduction of Zoonotic Spillover Risk in Wildlife Markets: A Case Study of Peru

Checo, Grace (2023) Barriers & Facilitators to the Reduction of Zoonotic Spillover Risk in Wildlife Markets: A Case Study of Peru. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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It is estimated that each year, one billion cases of illnesses and millions of deaths occur globally because of zoonotic diseases (WHO 2020). In 2023, the World Health Organization (WHO) recognized zoonotic spillover as the primary cause of emerging infectious diseases and recent pandemics (WHO 2020). Wildlife trade in wildlife markets facilitate zoonotic spillover events (Sokolow, Nova et al. 2019, Ellwanger and Chies 2021, Willis, Ingram et al. 2022). The primary interventions currently used to mitigate risk for zoonotic spillover are regulatory efforts, awareness campaigns and trade restrictions (Leberatto 2017, Noga Shanee 2017, Michael ‘t Sas-Rolfes 2019). This case study identifies barriers and facilitators to zoonotic transmission in Belen Market, the largest wildlife market in Iquitos, Peru and explores current strategies employed against zoonotic spillover in Peru. Peer-reviewed literature, government publications, and secondary sources including local news articles and NGO reports were reviewed to gather information on wildlife markets in Peru, the wildlife trade network, and strategies used against zoonotic spillover. In Peru, wildlife trade is embedded in the culture for sustenance, medicinal remedies, spiritual rituals, social status, and in tourism (Leberatto 2016, Protection 2021). Though regulations and programs exist to combat zoonotic spillover risk, political and economic instability, personnel shortage, and shared borders make them difficult to enforce. Managing zoonotic spillover risk in Belen Market will reduce the opportunity for infectious disease outbreaks in a major wildlife market with far-reaching commercialization, ultimately reducing the risk for future pandemics.


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Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Checo, Gracegrc39@pitt.edugrc390000-0002-1563-1003
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKrier, Sarahsek29@pitt.edusek29UNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberBaumann, Sarasarabaumann@pitt.edusab269UNSPECIFIED
Date: 24 August 2023
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 47
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: zoonotic spillover, zoonoses, wildlife trade, emerging infectious disease
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2023 18:13
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2023 18:13


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