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Repeated Measures of Youth Perceptions of Household Chaos and its Relation to Adolescent Development: Externalizing, Internalizing Problems & Academic Engagement

Hunter-Rue, Daniesha (2024) Repeated Measures of Youth Perceptions of Household Chaos and its Relation to Adolescent Development: Externalizing, Internalizing Problems & Academic Engagement. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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A large body of literature has established that chaos in the home environment, characterized by high levels of disorganization, lack of household routine, crowding, noise, and unpredictability, is detrimental to child development. Multiple studies, primarily focused on early childhood, have found household chaos relates to academic achievement, externalizing, internalizing problems. It is, however less clear whether household chaos relates to these types of academic and behavioral issues in adolescence. Adolescence may be a sensitive period where the effects of environmental stimuli, like chaos in the home, are particularly strong. The aims of this study were three-fold: 1) characterize the variability of adolescent and caregiver reports of household chaos; 2) examine associations among caregiver and adolescent reports of chaos over a 9-month period; 3) examine how between- and within- individual variability in household chaos predict academic engagement, externalizing and internalizing problems. This study drew data from the Family Income Dynamics study, a 9-month survey-based, longitudinal study. Participants included 104 adolescents (55% female) and caregiver (92% female) dyads. Results showed that reports of household chaos were less stable over time for adolescents, compared to their caregivers. Household chaos had strong positive within- and between-level associations with externalizing problems. Also, chaos positively related to internalizing and academic engagement at the between-level only. This work highlights the importance of adolescent perceptions of household chaos when considering its links to development.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hunter-Rue, Danieshahunterd3@pitt.eduhunterd30000-0003-3553-7265
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairVotruba-Drzal, Elizabethevotruba@pitt.eduevotruba0000-0003-0708-1205
Committee MemberBooth, Jamiejmbooth@pitt.edujmbooth
Committee MemberHanson, Jamiejamie.hanson@pitt.edu0000-0002-0469-8886
Date: 8 January 2024
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 21 June 2023
Approval Date: 8 January 2024
Submission Date: 9 October 2023
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 60
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: CHAOS, Externalizing, Internalizing ,Academic Engagement
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2024 18:32
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2024 18:32


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