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Lapurtutako haurrak: the theft of children as state-backed gendered violence in Ireland, Galicia and Euskadi

Uriagereka-Herburger, Sofia (2024) Lapurtutako haurrak: the theft of children as state-backed gendered violence in Ireland, Galicia and Euskadi. Undergraduate Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Many comparisons have been drawn between the political violence of Iberia and Ireland in the 20th century, most centering around the parallel visibility of militant movements and state responses. However, the rigidity in defining only certain incidents as “political violence” has not allowed for a thorough study of some of the subtler and more normalized abuses that occurred at the same time. This study focuses on institutional gendered violence at the medical, religious, and state levels, through an analysis of large-scale forced adoptions after the Spanish and Irish civil wars. This thesis analyzes how the state-led processes of defining and ‘dealing with’ violence enable cultures that defend, embed, and disguise brutality, and how this raises entire generations characterized by constant subjugation and negation that are often misidentified as inexplicably aimless, defeated, and helpless, or alternatively, as incomprehensibly violent. While hegemonic religious and political dynamics have created and enforced this violence on women and children, there is an invisibility to this particular violence even in the resistance to it, given the vulnerability and marginality of its victims. While the concept of political violence in Ireland and Iberia is still frequently subject to reductionist interpretation, when it intersects with gendered violence, the absence of truth and accuracy in the resulting narratives is profoundly embedded, both at the state level and at the core of the countercultures. This paper seeks to analyze these cases while considering broader concepts of insider and participant research and what it means to define violence and memory anthropologically.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Uriagereka-Herburger, Sofiasou5@pitt.edusou5
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairYearwood,
Committee MemberDubuisson,
Committee MemberNovosel,
Committee MemberRoman,
Date: 25 April 2024
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 29 March 2024
Approval Date: 25 April 2024
Submission Date: 18 April 2024
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 168
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: David C. Frederick Honors College
Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Anthropology
Degree: BPhil - Bachelor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Undergraduate Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ireland, Spain, Basque Country, Galicia, Magdalene Laundries, Mother and Baby Homes, Catholic church, "robo de niños"
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2024 13:14
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2024 13:14

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  • Lapurtutako haurrak: the theft of children as state-backed gendered violence in Ireland, Galicia and Euskadi. (deposited 25 Apr 2024 13:14) [Currently Displayed]


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