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Hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma: A proposal of a prognostic scoring system

Iwatsuki, S and Dvorchik, I and Madariaga, JR and Wallis Marsh, J and Dodson, F and Bonham, AC and Geller, DA and Gayowski, TJ and Fung, JJ and Starzl, TE (1999) Hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma: A proposal of a prognostic scoring system. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 189 (3). 291 - 299. ISSN 1072-7515

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Abstract

Background: Hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal cancer provides excellent longterm results in a substantial proportion of patients. Although various prognostic risk factors have been identified, there has been no dependable staging or prognostic scoring system for metastatic hepatic tumors. Study Design: Various clinical and pathologic risk factors were examined in 305 consecutive patients who underwent primary hepatic resections for metastatic colorectal cancer. Survival rates were estimated by the Cox proportional hazards model using the equation: S(t) = [S(o)(t)](exp(R - R(o))), where S(o)(t) is the survival rate of patients with none of the identified risk factors and R(o) = 0. Results: Preliminary multivariate analysis revealed that independently significant negative prognosticators were: (1) positive surgical margins, (2) extrahepatic tumor involvement including the lymph node(s), (3) tumor number of three or more, (4) bilobar tumors, and (5) time from treatment of the primary tumor to hepatic recurrence of 30 months or less. Because the survival rates of the 62 patients with positive margins or extrahepatic tumor were uniformly very poor, multivariate analysis was repeated in the remaining 243 patients who did not have these lethal risk factors. The reanalysis revealed that independently significant poor prognosticators were: (1) tumor number of three or more, (2) tumor size greater than 8 cm, (3) time to hepatic recurrence of 30 months or less, and (4) bilobar tumors. Risk scores (R) for tumor recurrence of the culled cohort (n = 243) were calculated by summation of coefficients from the multivariate analysis and were divided into five groups: grade 1, no risk factors (R = 0); grade 2, one risk factor (R = 0.3 to 0.7); grade 3, two risk factors (R = 0.7 to 1.1); grade 4, three risk factors (R = 1.2 to 1.6); and grade 5, four risk factors (R > 1.6). Grade 6 consisted of the 62 culled patients with positive margins or extrahepatic tumor. Kapla n-Meier and Cox proportional hazards estimated 5-year survival rates of grade 1 to 6 patients were 48.3% and 48.3%, 36.6% and 33.7%, 19.9% and 17.9%, 11.9% and 6.4%, 0% and 1.1%, and 0% and 0%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The proposed risk-score grading predicted the survival differences extremely well. Estimated survival as determined by the Cox proportional hazards model was similar to that determined by the Kaplan-Meier method. Verification and further improvements of the proposed system are awaited by other centers or international collaborative studies.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Iwatsuki, S
Dvorchik, I
Madariaga, JR
Wallis Marsh, J
Dodson, F
Bonham, AC
Geller, DAdageller@pitt.eduDAGELLER
Gayowski, TJ
Fung, JJ
Starzl, TEtes11@pitt.eduTES11
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
Date: 1 September 1999
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume: 189
Number: 3
Page Range: 291 - 299
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/s1072-7515(99)00089-7
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1072-7515
Other ID: uls-drl:31735062119999, Starzl CV No. 2089
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2010 17:35
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 08:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5475

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